The prostate gland or prostate gland is one of the most important male organs, which has a significant effect on the function of the genitourinary system. Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate, it can be acute or chronic. Acute prostatitis is an infectious and inflammatory pathology, which is accompanied by purulent lesions of the gland.
This disease is characterized by impaired erectile function and fertility, the appearance of problems with urination and pain. Since this disease is so common, all men of reproductive age and older are advised to familiarize themselves with its symptoms. Symptoms of acute prostatitis in patients are a reason to contact an andrologist as soon as possible.
Causes of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis is an infectious disease that affects all men over the age of 30. Inflammation of the prostate can also occur against the background of congestion in the gland, but this is typical for patients of mature age, in particular, older than 50-60 years.
Various microorganisms can trigger the inflammatory process: bacteria, fungi, protozoa. The most common pathogens are the following microorganisms:
- tuberculosis bacillus;
- fungi of the genus Candida, etc.
Infection can occur in many ways, in most cases, prostatitis occurs on the background of urethritis, cystitis. Pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the gland from neighboring tissues and cause inflammation. Also, the infection can spread through the bloodstream with tonsillitis, sinusitis, and even tooth decay.
Naturally, not every patient who develops caries or urethritis later develops acute prostatitis. There are several provoking factors that increase the risk of inflammatory processes in the prostate:
- passive lifestyle;
- avitaminosis, monotonous diet;
- weak immunity;
- sexual intercourse disorder, rare sexual life;
- excessive sexual activity;
- alcohol abuse and smoking;
- small pelvic varicose veins;
- chronic constipation;
- chronic overwork, lack of sleep, stress.
If a man leads an unhealthy lifestyle, then the possibility of any inflammatory process increases significantly, because a weak body cannot fight infection on its own.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis in men is divided into several stages:
- catarrhal - mucosal damage;
- follicular - damage to the follicle in the prostate lobule with the accumulation of pus;
- parenchymal - multiple lobular lesions of the prostate with abundant pus;
- abscess - the formation of an extensive abscess.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis will depend on the stage of the disease. The more neglected the case, the more pronounced the symptoms, and the higher the risk of complications.
Acute catarrhal prostatitis is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- aching pain in the perineum;
- frequent urination;
- slight increase in body temperature.
Acute follicular prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- dull, but quite noticeable pain that radiates to the penis, anus;
- possibility of urinary retention, features of severe cramping during urination;
- constipation due to painful bowel movements;
- high body temperature, signs of intoxication;
- urine may appear cloudy.
Symptoms of acute parenchymal prostatitis and prostate abscess:
- Severe throbbing pain radiating to the rectum, penis, lower back, perineum.
- Constipation, bloating.
- Urinary retention.
- The temperature is very high 39-39. 5 degrees.
- Nausea, headache, weakness, lack of appetite, chills.
Parenchymal prostatitis is a very serious disease. Prostate abscess is accompanied by the combination of abscess into a whole with the possibility of penetration into the rectum, urethra, scrotum or perineum. If measures are not taken at this stage of the disease, sepsis and death occur.
Treatment of acute prostatitis in men with drugs
Therapy of acute prostatitis is complex, but the basis is antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antifungal and antiviral drugs. The choice of drugs is carried out by the doctor after examining the patient, depending on the type of pathogen identified.
It should be remembered that antibiotics are always prescribed, even if prostatitis is not bacterial, because with such pathology there is a risk of bacterial infection with subsequent suppuration.
For the treatment of acute prostatitis in men, various groups of antibiotics are used, in particular, penicillins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, cephalosporins, less often tetracyclines.
You need to understand that it is very difficult to choose antibiotics yourself, without being a medical specialist. If you choose the wrong drug and treatment regimen, the patient will only dull the disease for a while, and trigger the emergence of bacterial immunity to the drug. As a result, the treatment of acute prostatitis will be delayed and require another course of antibiotics, which is very undesirable, because all drugs have side effects.
In the treatment of acute prostatitis, the patient must adhere to bed rest. In the early stages of the pathology, outpatient treatment is possible if the patient is cared for. When pus requires hospitalization is mandatory.
If there is urinary retention, a catheter will be placed. With the formation of an abscess, the opening and cleaning of the gland from pus is performed, drainage is established. After stopping the acute process, physiotherapy, taking vitamins and immunomodulators are indicated.
Folk remedies for acute prostatitis
Acute prostatitis is not a disease that should be treated with folk remedies, especially without the knowledge of a doctor. If the patient decides to heat the bacterial inflammation, the bacteria will begin to multiply faster, which will lead to the formation of an abscess and the need for surgery.
Some folk recipes can be used to strengthen general immunity, but only with the permission of a doctor and in complex therapy. Examples of such funds:
- Rosehip decoction to saturate the body with vitamins and antioxidants;
- Chamomile tea for relaxation, good sleep, also chamomile has a mild anti-inflammatory effect.
- The use of freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices to activate the immune system.
Traditional healers during the treatment of acute prostatitis recommend eating light and low-fat foods so as not to burden the sick body. The use of spicy, salty, sweet causes increased pain due to irritation of the excretory system.
Since acute prostatitis causes constipation, you need to eat more fresh fruits, they contain fiber, which dilutes stool. In parallel, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of flour products, cereals, especially rice, products with high starch content.
Consequences of acute prostatitis in men
Acute prostatitis is a very dangerous disease that can cause several serious complications. Even if the patient starts treatment in the early stages of the pathology, there is always a risk of chronic prostatitis. Especially if a man continues to live an unhealthy lifestyle.
The ongoing form of acute prostatitis causes the following complications:
- Prostate abscess with abscess opening, blood poisoning and death. Such pathology may require removal of the prostate.
- Sclerosis of the prostate, that is, the formation of scars against the background of a prolonged inflammatory process. It leads to the fact that the gland generally stops working.
- Stones in the prostate that cause congestion in the gland.
- Prostate cyst. It creates an increase in the body, it can tear.
- Inflammatory process of seminal vesicles, seminal tubercles, as a result, the formation of adhesions in the vas deferens.
- Impotence and various types of erectile dysfunction.
Complications can be avoided by taking preventive measures.
Prevention of acute prostatitis in men
To avoid acute inflammation of the prostate, you must follow the following recommendations:
- eat a varied diet, try to eat healthy food;
- stop alcohol, drugs and smoking;
- dress according to the weather, not too cold and not too hot;
- strengthen immunity;
- avoid spontaneous sexual intercourse, protect yourself with a condom;
- have a regular sex life, but avoid excessive sexual activity;
- to avoid stagnant processes in the small pelvis, exercise every day, lead an active lifestyle;
- do not take antibiotics and other drugs without a doctor's prescription;
- undergo an annual examination by an andrologist.
A healthy lifestyle and proper behavior are the best preventative measures for most acquired pathologies, especially infectious ones.
Acute prostatitis is a terrible disease. If a person wants not only to maintain male power for the next few years, but also to avoid chronic pain, urinary disorders, he should think about measures to prevent acute prostatitis from a young age. And if there is any pain in the pelvis, make sure you are examined and undergo a course of treatment prescribed by the doctor.