Despite the fact that prostatitis is considered a disease that only affects men over the age of 40, it is quite often diagnosed in young people. What are the reasons for the development of urological diseases in young people?
What is prostatitis?
Prostatitis is an exclusively male disease, which is based on inflammatory lesions of the prostate gland.
The disease can occur in one of two forms - acute or chronic. The acute form is characterized by obvious symptoms, and the chronic form is not so easy to diagnose, because its manifestations are less obvious.
Prostatitis can cause serious complications in the form of complete loss of sexual desire or infertility.
It is very important to know the symptoms of prostatitis and seek professional help in time.
The main symptoms of prostate inflammation include:
- Painful urination.
- Pain in the groin and lower abdomen.
- Reduces sexual desire and potency.
- Frequency of the urge to urinate.
- Body temperature increases, sweating.
- Premature ejaculation.
- Rapid fatigue, general weakness.
Causes of appearance after 20 years
The causes of the development of the inflammatory process in the prostate in young men are often associated with an unhealthy lifestyle and a careless attitude towards their health.
The most likely cause of prostatitis at a young age is unprotected sex or promiscuity. First of all, various sexually transmitted infections are dangerous, which can be transmitted from a partner to a man.
Any disease that is not noticed or neglected after some time necessarily gives complications to the prostate gland. The difficulty lies in the fact that certain infectious diseases develop without symptoms, so it is quite problematic to establish them.
The most harmful to men's health are the following infections:
After penetrating into the body, the causative agent of this disease gradually increases along the urethra to the prostate. This leads to infectious prostatitis, which necessarily requires therapy. If the inflammation is not cured in time, then it will enter the chronic stage.
Another common cause of prostatitis in men over the age of 20 is prolonged abstinence from sex and frequent overexcitement. As a large number of sexual relations with different partners, and lack of sex can cause inflammation of the prostate. A regular intimate life ensures normal blood circulation in the pelvic organs and protects against congestion in the prostate.
Sexual abstinence interferes with the natural function of the organ, which ultimately triggers the inflammatory process.
Another common cause of illness in young people is hypothermia. If you stay outside for a long time in windy and cold weather, while not dressing too warmly, then the groin area starts to hurt - this is how the body signals danger. After that, severe hypothermia can cause prostatitis.
Causes of appearance after 30 years
In general, inflammation of the prostate in thirty-year-old men is due to the same reasons as in younger men. At increased risk are men who:
- They lead a sedentary lifestyle. Physical inactivity leads to blood retention in the pelvic area, which creates a good background for the development of inflammation.
- Long abstinence from sex;
- They suffer from chronic diseases of the urinary tract. Usually the provocateurs of prostatitis at a young age are cystitis and urolithiasis.
- Not protected with a condom.
- They do heavy physical work. With an excessive load, the pressure in the peritoneum increases, thereby disrupting the process of blood flow to the pelvic organs.
Pathology may occur as a result of exposure to several other factors:
- Violation of the hormonal background. The lack of male hormones in the body does not have the best effect on potency and ejaculation process.
- The presence of digestive tract diseases.
- Groin injury.
- Immoderate consumption of alcohol.
- Use of narcotics.
- Lack of vitamins and microelements.
- Irrational eating.
- Violations of the musculoskeletal system. For men with osteochondrosis, the risk of getting prostatitis increases significantly.
Diagnosis and treatment
If you find the first symptoms of prostate inflammation, you should visit a urologist. The doctor performs a rectal examination, and also investigates the prostate to identify the inflammatory process.
Then the urologist prescribes additional diagnostic methods (tomography, necessary tests) and provides referrals to other specialized doctors. As a rule, young men should consult a venereologist to eliminate infectious diseases.
The treatment of the disease should be individualized and carried out comprehensively. The basis of therapy is the use of anti-inflammatory drugs. Depending on the cause of the inflammation, antibiotics and antifungal agents are chosen to fight the infection.
Specialists usually prescribe antibiotics:
- macrolide group.
Local treatment is also prescribed, which includes:
- Prostate massage.